Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Depression of hepatic dolichol levels by cholesterol feeding.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1987

Keywords

Cholesterol-Dietary, Diterpenes: me, Dolichol: me, Dolichol-Phosphates: me, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-Reductases: ai, Liver: de, me, Lysosomes: me, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Microsomes-Liver: me, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

J-Lipid-Res. 1987 Mar; 28(3):305-10.

Grant

CA09217, GM29241

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine whether repression of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase by a chronic high-cholesterol diet would deplete hepatic dolichol levels. Four-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were maintained on a control diet or a diet supplemented with 5% cholesterol. Animals from both groups were killed at various times and reductase activity and levels of free dolichol, dolichyl acyl ester, dolichyl phosphate, and ubiquinone were measured. The reductase activity was reduced by 90% within 1 week and remained depressed through 56 days. Initially, the levels of the free dolichol, acyl ester, phosphoryl ester, and ubiquinone were 7, 16, 5, and 80 micrograms/g liver, respectively. Early increases in the concentration of dolichyl phosphate and free dolichol were similar in both the cholesterol-fed and control groups. However, in the cholesterol-fed group the concentration of dolichyl acyl esters was only 50% of that in the control group by 7 days and it remained lower throughout the experiment. Total dolichol levels were lower by about 30%. Ubiquinone levels were transiently depressed at 7 days by 33% but returned to control levels by 4 weeks. After 56 days, the control values of dolichol and dolichyl phosphate remained constant whereas the dolichyl acyl ester levels continuously increased to a value of 133 micrograms/g of liver by 156 days. Subcellular fractionation of livers from 4-week-old mice indicated a lysosomal distribution of dolichol and dolichyl acyl ester and a lysosomal and microsomal distribution of dolichyl phosphate.

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