Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Ontogeny of susceptibility to the convulsant, Ro 5-4864, and its relationship to audiogenic seizure susceptibility in inbred mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1987

Keywords

Age-Factors, Animal, Benzodiazepinones, Convulsants, Dose-Response-Relationship-Drug, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-BALB-C, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Seizures: ci, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Life-Sci. 1987 May 30; 40(13):1267-76.

Abstract

The postnatal development of susceptibility to the convulsant effects of Ro5-4864 (4'-chlorodiazepam) was characterized in two inbred mouse strains (DBA/2J and BALB/c ByJ) which as adults differ markedly in their response to this convulsant. Onset of susceptibility to a dose of Ro5-4864 which caused a high frequency of clonic seizures in adults was observed at 10 days of age in DBA/2 mice, but not until 35 days in BALB/c By mice. At 14 days of age an abrupt increase in susceptibility to Ro5-4864-induced tonic seizures was found in DBA/2 but not BALB/c By mice. Both the peak of tonic seizure susceptibility (21 days) and the time course of its subsequent age-dependent decline closely paralleled the change in audiogenic seizure susceptibility in the DBA/2 strain. PK11195 (40 mg/kg) blocked Ro5-4864 (25 mg/kg)-induced, age-dependent tonic seizures but had no effect on clonic seizure induction in the same mice. These observations establish that both the susceptibility to Ro5-4864 in adult mice and the postnatal time course for development of susceptibility to this convulsant are inherently different in these two strains of mice. The lack of coincidence between the developmental onset of susceptibility to Ro5-4864-induced seizures and the onset of supersensitivity to Ro5-4864-induced tonic seizures during the period of peak audiogenic seizure susceptibility in DBA/2 mice implies that more than one neurochemical mechanism is involved in the ability of Ro5-4864 to induce seizures in this strain. However, the blockade of Ro5-4864-induced tonic seizures by PK11195 suggests that peripheral type benzodiazepine receptors may mediate this effect.

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