Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Title

Genetic organization of the agouti region of the mouse.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1987

Keywords

Chromosome-Mapping, Female, Genes, Hair-Color, Linkage-(Genetics), Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-Strains: ge, Mutation, Phenotype, Recombination-Genetic, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Genetics. 1987 Sep; 117(1):93-100.

Grant

NO1-CO-23909, GM20919, RR01183

Abstract

The agouti locus on mouse chromosome 2 acts via the hair follicle to control the melanic type and distribution of hair pigments. The diverse phenotypes associated with various agouti mutations have led to speculation about the organization of the agouti locus. Earlier studies indicated that two presumed agouti alleles, lethal yellow (Ay) and lethal light-bellied nonagouti (ax), are pseudoallelic. We present genetic data showing probable recombination between Ay and three agouti mutations (at, a, and ax), which suggest that Ay is a pseudoallele of the agouti locus. The close linkage of an endogenous ecotropic murine leukemia provirus, Emv-15, to Ay provides a molecular access to genes at or near the agouti locus. However, previous studies suggested that the Emv-15 locus can recombine with some agouti alleles and therefore we analyzed mice from recombinant inbred strains and backcrosses to measure the genetic distance between various agouti alleles and the Emv-15 locus. Our data indicate that the Emv-15 locus is less than 0.3 cM from the agouti locus. These experiments provide a conceptual framework for initiating chromosome walking experiments designed to retrieve sequences from the agouti locus and give new insight into the genetic organization of the agouti region.

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