Faculty Research 1980 - 1989

Induction of maturation in cumulus cell-enclosed mouse oocytes by follicle-stimulating hormone and epidermal growth factor: evidence for a positive stimulus of somatic cell origin.

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J-Exp-Zool. 1988 Jan; 245(1):86-96.


The efficacy of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and dibutyryl cGMP (dbcGMP) as inducers of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in cumulus cell-enclosed mouse oocytes was examined when meitoic arrest was maintained in vitro with purines, dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP), or the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). When FSH was added to hypoxanthine (Hx)-containing medium, the effect on oocyte maturation was at first inhibitory and later stimulatory. EGF stimulated GVBD at all time points tested. FSH and EGF also induced GVBD when oocytes were arrested with dbcAMP, IBMX, or guanosine. Dibutyryl cGMP stimulated GVBD when meiotic arrest was maintained with HX, but not when oocytes were meiotically arrested with guanosine, and was inhibitory in dbcAMP-supplemented medium. FSH and dbcGMP produced a transient delay of oocyte maturation in control medium, but the FSH effect was much more pronounced. EGF had no effect on maturation kinetics. The actions of FSH and EGF required the presence of cumulus cells. Both agents significantly stimulated cAMP production in oocyte-cumulus cell complexes. A brief exposure of complexes to a high concentration of dbcAMP induced GVBD, suggesting that FSH and EGF may act via a cAMP-dependent process.

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