Faculty Research 1990 - 1999


Genotyping new BXD recombinant inbred mouse strains and comparison of BXD and consensus maps.

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Animal, Chromosome Mapping, Comparative Study, Female, Genotype, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred DBA, Mice, Inbred Strains/*genetics

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Mamm Genome 1999 Apr;10(4):335-48


GM18684/GM/NIGMS, CA344196/CA/NCI


Nine additional BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strains have been developed from the F2 cross of C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mouse strains. A tenth line stopped breeding in the F12 generation. F20 generation breeding pairs from the nine surviving strains and an F12 pair from the extinct line were genotyped at 319 genetic markers (primarily microsatellites) spanning most of the genome. Where typing data were lacking, the established set of 26 BXD strains also were genotyped at these same loci. The availability of these additional nine strains enhances the value of the BXD RI set for analysis of complex phenotypic traits. The proportion of loci still segregating at the F20 generation was found to closely approximate expectation, suggesting that selection favoring the retention of heterozygosity is not a strong factor. However, the number of crossovers between adjacent markers was frequently less than predicted from consensus map distances. A significant deficiency of recombinants was observed on Chrs 3, 4, 14, and X. On Chr 14, the estimated cumulative BXD map distance between the most proximal and distal markers was only 30.2 cM, compared with a distance of 60.0 cM in the consensus map. On the X Chr, the estimated and predicted cumulative distances were 38.8 and 69.5 cM, respectively. Over all chromosomes, the BXD RI map is 14.5% shorter than predicted from the consensus map. It is suggested that distances in some of the consensus maps are inflated. Alternatively, recombinant genotypes could be selected against during inbreeding owing to allelic interactions affecting fitness. The latter interpretation implies that relatively strong intrachromosomal epistasis is common.

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