Faculty Research 1990 - 1999


Fertile male mice with three sex chromosomes: evidence that infertility in XYY male mice is an effect of two Y chromosomes.

Document Type


Publication Date



Crosses-Genetic, Female, Fertility: ge, Infertility-Male: ge, Karyotyping, Male, Meiosis, Mice, Organ-Weight, Sex-Chromosome-Abnormalities, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Testis: ah, hi, X-Chromosome, Y-Chromosome

JAX Source

Chromosoma 1991 Jun; 100(5):293-9.


RR01183, GM20919, S07RR05364


In the mouse XYY males are sterile, presumably because pairing abnormalities resulting from the presence of three sex chromosomes lead to meiotic breakdown. We have produced male mice, designated XYY*X, that have three sex chromosomes pairing regions but only one intact Y chromosome. Unexpectedly XYY*X, males are fertile, although they are no more efficient in sex chromosome pairing than previously reported XYY males. We conclude that the sterility of XYY males is caused by a combination of the deleterious effect of two Y chromosomes, presumably acting prior to meiosis, and pairing abnormalities resulting in significant meiotic disruption.

Please contact the Joan Staats Library for information regarding this document.