Faculty Research 1990 - 1999


Sandy: a new mouse model for platelet storage pool deficiency.

Document Type


Publication Date



Bleeding-Time, Blood-Platelets, Chromosome-Mapping, Crosses-Genetic, Disease-Models-Animal, Female, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-DBA, Mutation, Phenotype, Pigmentation, Platelet-Storage-Pool-Deficiency, Support-Non-U, S, -Gov't, Support-U, S, -Gov't-Non-P, H, S, Support-U, S, -Gov't-P, H, S

JAX Source

Genet Res 1991 Aug; 58(1):51-62.


CA34196, HL31698


Sandy (sdy) is a mouse mutant with diluted pigmentation which recently arose in the DBA/2J strain. Genetic tests indicate it is caused by an autosomal recessive mutation on mouse Chromosome 13 near the cr and Xt genetic loci. This mutation is different genetically and hematologically from previously described mouse pigment mutations with storage pool deficiency (SPD). The sandy mutant has diluted pigmentation in both eyes and fur, is fully viable and has prolonged bleeding times. Platelet serotonin levels are extremely low although ATP dependent acidification activity of platelet organelles appears normal. Also, platelet dense granules are extremely reduced in number when analysed by electron microscopy of unfixed platelets. Platelets have abnormal uptake and flashing of the fluorescent dye mepacrine. Secretion of lysosomal enzymes from kidney and from thrombin-stimulated platelets is depressed 2- and 3-fold, and ceroid pigment is present in kidney. Sandy platelets have a reduced rate of aggregation induced by collagen. The sandy mutant has an unusually severe dense granule defect and thus may be an appropriate model for cases of human Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome with similarly extreme types of SPD. It represents the tenth example of a mouse mutant with simultaneous defects in melanosomes, lysosomes and/or platelet dense granules.

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