Faculty Research 1990 - 1999


Gene expression during preimplantation mouse development.

Document Type


Publication Date



Animals, Base Sequence, Blotting, Southern, Cloning, Molecular, Cytokines, DNA, Embryonic Development, Embryonic and Fetal Development, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Library, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Pregnancy, Transcription, Genetic


Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

JAX Source

Genes Dev 1992 Jul; 6(7):1190-201


To develop a resource for the identification and isolation of genes expressed in the early mammalian embryo, large and representative cDNA libraries were constructed from unfertilized eggs, and two-cell, eight-cell, and blastocyst-stage mouse embryos. Using these libraries, we now report the first stages at which the cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1 beta, and interferon (IFN)-gamma are transcribed in the developing embryo and the presence of IL-7 transcripts in the unfertilized egg. Transcripts for IL-1 alpha, -2, -3, -4, or -5 were not detected at these stages. To identify novel genes expressed on activation of the embryonic genome, the egg and eight-cell stage-specific cDNA libraries were subtracted from the two-cell library, yielding a specialized cDNA library enriched for transcripts expressed at the two-cell stage. Sequence and Southern blot analysis of several of these cDNAs expressed predominantly at the two-cell stage of embryogenesis revealed them to be from novel genes, thereby providing the first molecular tools with which to approach the study of gene expression in the early mammalian embryo. Genes Dev 1992 Jul; 6(7):1190-201