Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Functional analysis of a t complex responder locus transgene in mice.

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Chromosome-Mapping, Cloning-Molecular, Female, Haplotypes, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Transgenic, Mutation, Nuclear-Proteins: ge, Phenotype, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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Mamm Genome 1992;3(10):579-87


Transmission ratio distortion (TRD) of mouse t haplotypes occurs through the interaction of multiple distorter loci with the t complex responder (Tcr) locus. Males heterozygous for a t haplotype will transmit the t-bearing chromosome to nearly all of their offspring. This process is mediated by the production of functionally inequivalent gametes: wild-type meiotic partners of t spermatozoa are rendered functionally inactive. The Tcr locus, which is required for TRD to occur, is thought to somehow protect its host spermatid from the sperm-inactivating effects of linked distorter genes (Lyon 1984). In previous work, Tcr was mapped to a small genetic interval in t haplotypes, and a candidate gene from this region was isolated (Tcp-10bt). In this work, we further localize Tcr to a 40-kb region that contains the 21-kb Tcp-10bt gene. A cloned genomic copy of Tcp-10bt was used to generate transgenic mice. The transgene was bred into a variety of genetic backgrounds to test for non-Mendelian segregation. Abberrant segregation was observed in some mice carrying either a complete t haplotype or a combination of certain partial t haplotypes. These observations, coupled with those of Snyder and colleagues (in this issue), provide genetic and functional evidence that the Tcp-10bt gene is Tcr. However, other genotypes that were predicted to produce distortion did not. The unexpected data from a variety of crosses in this work and those of our colleagues suggest that elements to the TRD system and the Tcr locus remain to be identified.

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