Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Regulation of metabolic water and protein compartments by insulin-like growth factor-I and testosterone in growth hormone-deficient lit/lit mice.

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Body-Weight: de, Carrier-Proteins: an, Comparative-Study, Drug-Synergism, Female, Insulin-Like-Growth-Factor-I: an, Kidney: ah, hi, me, Liver: me, Mice, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Muscles: de, me, Organ-Weight: de, Proteins: me, Somatomedins: an, Somatotropin: df, Spleen: ah, hi, me, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Testosterone, Water: me

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J Endocrinol 1993 Dec;139(3):431-9




Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and testosterone are major hormonal regulators of protein metabolism. We chose genetically GH-deficient little (lit/lit) mice to test whether these anabolic hormones act independently or in concert with each other to stimulate protein metabolism. Hormones were administered for 14 days at constant rates to 14-week-old lit/lit female mice, IGF-I was infused via mini-osmotic pumps at 30 micrograms/day and testosterone was administered using 30 mg pellets. Food consumption was measured during the experimental period, and at the end we measured: (a) serum IGF-I, IGF-I-binding proteins (IGFBPs) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN); (b) body and musculo-skeletal carcass weights; (c) musculo-skeletal carcass water, fat, protein and mineral; and (d) selected organ weights plus protein and DNA contents. We found that both of these growth-stimulatory hormones, IGF-I and testosterone, alone and in combination, had anabolic effects on different metabolic compartments in specific target organs. The most unexpected finding in this study was that the IGF-I-induced increase in musculo-skeletal carcass weight arose solely from increased water, revealing the importance of this compartment as an early target of IGF-I action. Other effects caused specifically by IGF-I, but not testosterone, included increases in serum IGFBP-3, body weight and spleen weight. The specific effect of testosterone, but not IGF-I, was to increase serum IGFBP-2. Independent effects were induced by each hormone alone for kidney and spleen weight, kidney and spleen protein content and BUN.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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