Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Deletion and replacement of the mouse adult beta-globin genes by a plug and socket repeated targeting strategy.

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Base-Sequence, Cells-Cultured, Cloning-Molecular, Drug-Resistance: ge, Electroporation, Gene-Deletion, Gene-Transfer, Globin: ge, Hemoglobin-Sickle: ge, Human, Hypoxanthine-Phosphoribosyltransferase: ge, Mice: em, ge, Mice-Transgenic, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Neomycin, Recombination-Genetic, Selection-(Genetics), Stem-Cells: cy, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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Mol Cell Biol 1994 Oct;14(10):6936-43




We describe a two-step strategy to alter any mouse locus repeatedly and efficiently by direct positive selection. Using conventional targeting for the first step, a functional neo gene and a nonfunctional HPRT minigene (the socket) are introduced into the genome of HPRT- embryonic stem (ES) cells close to the chosen locus, in this case the beta-globin locus. For the second step, a targeting construct (the plug) that recombines homologously with the integrated socket and supplies the remaining portion of the HPRT minigene is used; this homologous recombination generates a functional HPRT gene and makes the ES cells hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine resistant. At the same time, the plug provides DNA sequences that recombine homologously with sequences in the target locus and modifies them in the desired manner; the plug is designed so that correctly targeted cells also lose the neo gene and become G418 sensitive. We have used two different plugs to make alterations in the mouse beta-globin locus starting with the same socket-containing ES cell line. One plug deleted 20 kb of DNA containing the two adult beta-globin genes. The other replaced the same region with the human beta-globin gene containing the mutation responsible for sickle cell anemia.