Brain spectrin: of mice and men.
Animal, Brain: em, gd, Brain-Chemistry: ph, Fetal-Development: ph, Human, Mice: ge, me, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Molecular-Structure, Spectrin: an, ph, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S
Brain Res Bull 1995;36(6):593-606
This article reviews our current knowledge of the structure of alpha spectrins and beta spectrins in the brain, as well as their location and expression within neural tissue. We discuss the known protein interactions of brain spectrin isoforms, and then describe results that suggest an important role for spectrin (alpha SpII sigma 1/beta SpII sigma 1) in the Ca(2+)-regulated release of neurotransmitters. Evidence that supports a role for spectrin in the docking of synaptic vesicles to the presynaptic plasma membrane and as a Ca2+ sensor protein that unclamps the fusion machinery is described, along with the Casting the Line model, which summarizes the information. We finish with a discussion of the value of spectrin and ankyrin-deficient mouse models in deciphering spectrin function in neural tissue.
Goodman, S R.; Zimmer, W E.; Clark, M B.; Zagon, I S.; Barker, J E.; and Bloom, M L., " Brain spectrin: of mice and men." (1995). Faculty Research 1990 - 1999. 635.
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