Direct physical interaction involving CD40 ligand on T cells and CD40 on B cells is required to propagate MMTV.
Antigens-CD: ph, Antigens-Differentiation-B-Lymphocyte: ph, B-Lymphocytes: ph, Cell-Communication, Lymphocyte-Transformation, Mammary-Tumor-Viruses-Mouse: ph, Membrane-Glycoproteins: ph, Mice, Mice-Knockout, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, T-Lymphocytes: ph, Virus-Replication
Immunity 1995 Jul;3(1):139-46
The propagation of mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) has been analyzed in mice defective for expression of CD40 ligand (CD40L). Mice with endogenous viral superantigen (SAG) delete T cells with cognate V beta independent of CD40L expression. Nevertheless, CD40L-mice do not show deletion of cognate T cells after being exposed to infectious MMTV and have greatly diminished viral replication. The response of CD40L- T cells to SAG in vitro is also impaired, but can be reconstituted by adding B cells activated by recombinant CD40L to express costimulatory molecules. Thus, direct CD40L-dependent B cell activation appears to be a critical step in the life cycle of MMTV. The initial step in SAG-dependent T cell activation, and hence the MMTV life cycle, may be mediated by non-B cells, because splenocytes from B cell-deficient SAG-transgenic mice are able to activate cognate T cells.
Chervonsky, A V.; Xu, J; Barlow, A K.; Khery, M; Flavell, R A.; and Janeway, C A., " Direct physical interaction involving CD40 ligand on T cells and CD40 on B cells is required to propagate MMTV." (1995). Faculty Research 1990 - 1999. 706.