Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Macrophage differentiation and granulomatous inflammation in osteopetrotic mice (op/op) defective in the production of CSF-1.

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Cell-Differentiation: ph, Cell-Lineage, Cell-Movement, Dendritic-Cells: pa, Glucans: to, Granuloma: ci, pa, Kupffer-Cells: pa, Macrophage-Colony-Stimulating-Factor: ge, df, Macrophages: cl, ph, Mice, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Models-Biological, Osteopetrosis: dt, ge, pp, pa, Recombinant-Proteins: tu

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Mol Reprod Dev 1997 Jan;46(1):85-91


Since the osteopetrotic (op/op) mouse was demonstrated to have a mutation within the coding region of the CSF-1 gene itself, it serves as a model for investigating the differentiation mechanism of macrophage populations in the absence of functional CSF-1. The op/op mice were severely monocytopenic and showed marked reduction and abnormal differentiation of tissue macrophages. Osteoclasts as well as marginal metallophilic macrophages and marginal zone macrophages in the spleen were absent. Most of the tissue macrophages were reduced in number and ultrastructurally immature. However, the degree of reduction in numbers of macrophages in the mutant mice was variable among tissues, suggesting that the heterogeneity of macrophages was generated by their different dependency on CSF-1. After daily CSF-1 injection, the numbers of monocytes, tissue macrophages, and osteoclasts were remarkably increased, and the macrophages showed morphological maturation. However, the numbers of macrophages in the ovary, uterus, and synovial membrane were not increased. In the bone marrow, macrophage precursors detected by monoclonal antibody ER-MP58 proliferated and differentiated into preosteoclasts and osteoclasts. In the spleen, marginal metallophilic macrophages and marginal zone macrophages developed slowly. In this manner, CSF-1 plays an important role in the development, proliferation, and differentiation of certain tissue macrophage populations and osteoclasts. In the op/op mice, Kupffer cells proliferated, transformed into epithelioid cells and multinucleated giant cells, and participated in glucan-induced granuloma formation. In CSF-1-treated op/op mice, the process of granuloma formation was similar to that in normal littermates due to increased monocytopoiesis and monocyte influx into the granulomas. These results indicate that CSF-1 is a potent inducer of the development and differentiation of CSF-1-dependent monocyte/macrophages, and that CSF-1-independent macrophages also play an important role in granuloma formation.

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