Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

DNA-binding antibodies from viable motheaten mutant mice: implications for B cell tolerance.

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Animal, Antibodies-Antinuclear: im, Autoimmunity: ge, B-Lymphocytes: im, Base-Sequence, Immune-Tolerance, Immunoglobulin-Variable-Region: ge, Mice, Mice-Mutant-Strains: im, Molecular-Sequence-Data, Mutation, Protein-Tyrosine-Phosphatase: ge, im, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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J Immunol 1997 Sep 15;159(6):3024-33




C57BL/6 me(v)/me(v) (viable motheaten) mice have defective hemopoietic cell protein-tyrosine phosphatase (HCP, SHP-1) and are a model in which to study the role of this phosphatase in immune regulation and hemopoietic development. Immune defects in these mice include hypergammaglobulinemia, production of multiple autoantibodies, and glomerular nephritis. The presence of self-reactive Abs in these mice is an enigma, since it has been demonstrated that they have increased negative selection against self-reactive transgenic Abs. It was of interest to examine autoantibodies from these mice to identify reactivity or structural features that might account for their persistence and expansion in the repertoire. Abs to DNA were selected for investigation, since they have been characterized extensively from normal and autoimmune strains of mice. Viable motheaten mice had high titers of IgM, anti-dsDNA Abs, and all 12 anti-DNA hybridomas generated were also IgM. They had high avidity for dsDNA, also bound to ssDNA, but were not polyreactive. They used V(H) and V(L) gene families found in anti-DNA Abs from other strains, which reinforces evidence that there is preferential use of a restricted number of germline elements in anti-DNA Abs. The results indicate that Hcph-mutant mice do not delete DNA-reactive B cells, nor are they able to maintain these B cells in a state of anergy. Evidence for positive selection and clonal expansion after V-D-J rearrangement was also seen, in that several Abs expressed the same heavy chain in combination with different light chains, which is also a hallmark of the autoimmune anti-DNA response.

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