Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Novel HY peptide antigens presented by HLA-B27.

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Antigen-Presentation, Female, H-Y-Antigen: im, Human, HLA-B27-Antigen: im, Male, Mice, Peptide-Fragments: im, Rats, Spectrum-Analysis-Mass, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, T-Lymphocytes-Cytotoxic: im

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J Immunol 1997 Sep 15;159(6):2750-9


R01DK47692/DK/NIDDK, R01AR38319/AR/NIAMS, R01AI28802/AI/NIAID


We have identified two peptides corresponding to the male-specific HY minor histocompatibility Ags presented by HLA-B27 in transgenic rodents, isolated from whole cell extracts and from immunoprecipitated B27 molecules of male B27 rat spleen cells. HPLC peptide fractions that sensitized female B27 targets for lysis by B27-restricted anti-HY CTL were analyzed by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry using a new highly sensitive quadrupole/time-of-flight instrument. Two peptide sequences were obtained, KQYQKSTER and AVLNKSNREVR. Synthetic peptides corresponding to these sequences bound B27 in vitro and were recognized by distinct B27-restricted anti-HY CTL populations. Neither peptide sequence entirely matches known protein sequences or shows a resemblance to known Y chromosome genes, but both show homology to known autosomally encoded proteins. Both peptides were shown to be controlled by the Sxr(b) segment of the short arm of the mouse Y chromosome, a segment known to contain all previously identified HY Ags. Taken together, these findings suggest that the two peptides arise as a result of Y chromosome-regulated control of one or more autosomal gene products. Although arginine at position 2 is a dominant anchor residue for peptides bound to B27, neither B27-presented HY sequence contains this residue. These studies, employing sensitive new methodology for identification of MHC-bound peptides, significantly extend the complexity of the genetic basis of HY Ags and expand the repertoire of antigenically active peptides bound to B27.

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