Birthdate and cell marker analysis of scrambler: a novel mutation affecting cortical development with a reeler-like phenotype.
J Neurosci 1997 Dec 1;17(23):9204-11
KO8NS01520/NS/NINDS, RO1-NS32457/NS/NINDS, NIH-P30-HD18655/HD/NICHD
The reeler mutation in mice produces an especially well characterized disorder, with systematically abnormal migration of cerebral cortical neurons. The reeler gene encodes a large protein, termed Reelin, that in the cortex is synthesized and secreted exclusively in the Cajal-Retzius neurons of the cortical marginal zone (D'Arcangelo et al., 1995). In reeler mutant mice, loss of Reelin protein is associated with a systematic loss of the normal, inside-out sequence of neurogenesis in the cortex: neurons are formed in the normal sequence but become localized in the cortex in a somewhat inverted, although relatively disorganized outside-in pattern. Here we show that the scrambler mutant mouse exhibits a loss of lamination in the cortex and hippocampus that is indistinguishable from that seen in the reeler mouse. We use BrdU birthdating studies to show that scrambler cortex shows a somewhat inverted outside-in sequence of birthdates for cortical neurons that is similar to that previously described in reeler cortex. Finally, we perform staining with the CR-50 monoclonal antibody (Ogawa et al., 1995), which recognizes the Reelin protein (D'Arcangelo et al., 1997). We show that Reelin immunoreactivity is present in the scrambler cortex in a normal pattern, suggesting that Reelin is synthesized and released normally. Our data suggest that scrambler is a mutation in the same gene pathway as the reeler gene (Relnrl) and is most likely downstream of Relnrl.
Gonzalez, J L.; Russo, C J.; Goldowitz, D; Sweet, H O.; Davisson, M T.; and Walsh, C A., " Birthdate and cell marker analysis of scrambler: a novel mutation affecting cortical development with a reeler-like phenotype." (1997). Faculty Research 1990 - 1999. 916.