Faculty Research 1990 - 1999


Kinetic evidence of the regeneration of multilineage hematopoiesis from primitive cells in normal human bone marrow transplanted into immunodeficient mice.

Document Type


Publication Date



Bone-Marrow: pa, Bone-Marrow-Transplantation: pa, Cell-Cycle, Cell-Division, Cell-Lineage, Cells-Cultured, Comparative-Study, Female, Graft-Survival, Hematopoiesis, Hematopoietic-Cell-Growth-Factors, Hematopoietic-Stem-Cell-Transplantation, Hematopoietic-Stem-Cells: cy, Human, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-NOD, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Mice-SCID, Radiation-Chimera, Severe-Combined-Immunodeficiency: pa, Species-Specificity, Spleen: pa, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Transplantation-Heterologous: pa

JAX Source

Blood 1997 Jun 15;89(12):4307-16




Based on initial observations of human CD34+ Thy-1+ cells and long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-IC) in the bone marrow of some sublethally irradiated severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice transplanted intravenously with normal human marrow cells, and the subsequent finding that the NOD/LtSz-scid/scid (NOD/SCID) mouse supports higher levels of human cell engraftment, we undertook a series of time course experiments to examine posttransplant changes in the number, tissue distribution, cycling activity, and in vivo differentiation pattern of various human hematopoietic progenitor cell populations in this latter mouse model. These studies showed typical rapid posttransplant recovery curves for human CD34- CD19+ (B-lineage) cells, CD34+ granulopoietic, erythroid, and multilineage colony-forming cells (CFC), LTC-IC, and CD34+ Thy-1+ cells from a small initial population representing <0.1% of the original transplant. The most primitive human cell populations reached maximum values at 5 weeks posttransplant, after which they declined. More mature cell types peaked after another 5 weeks and then declined. A 2-week course of thrice weekly injections of human Steel factor, interleukin (IL)-3, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and erythropoietin (administered just before the mice were killed for analysis) did not alter the pace of regeneration of either primitive or mature human hematopoietic cells, or their predominantly granulopoietic and B-lymphoid pattern of differentiation, although a significant enhancing effect on the level of human cell engraftment sustained after 3 months was noted. Cycling studies showed the human CFC present at 4 to 5 weeks posttransplant to be rapidly proliferating even in mice not given human growth factors. However, by 10 weeks and thereafter, only quiescent human CFC were detected; interestingly, even in mice that were given the 2-week course of growth factor injections. These studies indicate the use of this model for future analysis of the properties and in vivo regulation of primitive human hematopoietic cells that possess in vivo repopulating ability.