Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

CSF-1-induced and constitutive Il6 gene expression in mouse macrophages: evidence for PKC-dependent and -independent pathways.

Document Type


Publication Date



Comparative-Study, Drug-Synergism, Enzyme-Inhibitors, Gene-Expression-Regulation: de, Indoles, Interleukin-6: bi, ge, Macrophage-Colony-Stimulating-Factor, Macrophages-Peritoneal: de, me, Male, Maleimides, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-SCID, Protein-Kinase-C: ph, Signal-Transduction: de, ph, Staurosporine, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Tetradecanoylphorbol-Acetate

First Page


Last Page


JAX Source

Exp Cell Res 1997 May 1;232(2):439-42


CA27523/CA/NCI, CA34196/CA/NCI


It has been recently shown that CSF-1 enhanced the constitutive expression of the Il6 gene in resident mouse peritoneal macrophages (PM phi) but little is known about the pathways involved. In this report, we show that both constitutive and CSF-1-induced IL-6 release were enhanced and prolonged in the presence of the PKC inhibitors, staurosporine (SP) and its derivative, GF-109203X. Enhancement of constitutive IL-6 release required higher concentrations of inhibitors, while enhanced CSF-1-induced release was diminished when inhibitor concentrations exceeded defined limits. SP was also shown to activate constitutive IL-6 release by blood monocytes and elicited PM phi but had no effect on their responsiveness to CSF-1. Activation of PKC by exposure of resident PM phi to phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) also resulted in enhanced IL-6 release and PMA was shown to synergize with CSF-1. These data indicate that CSF-1 does not induce Il6 gene expression by amplifying the constitutive pathway in all mononuclear phagocyte subpopulations. It exerts its effects independently of PKC, which may activate Il6 gene expression in its own right by an alternative pathway. While CSF-1 and PKC are involved in separate pathways, the synergistic IL-6 response seen when PMA and CSF-1 interact suggests convergence of the two pathways. It is also apparent that multiple PKs, excluding PKC, may be involved in repressing constitutive and CSF-1-induced Il6 gene expression.

Please contact the Joan Staats Library for information regarding this document.