Of mice and men: use of animal models to identify possible interventions for the prevention of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in humans.

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Trends Immunol 2005 Nov; 26(11):603-7.


Animal model and clinical studies indicate that type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from T cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells. This review discusses the knowledge gained from animal models about the nature of the autoreactive T cells that cause T1D and the possible basis for their development. Based on this information, the possible positive and negative aspects of various antigen-specific and non-specific immunotherapies, which could potentially prevent the onset of T1D in at risk individuals, are discussed.