Nuclear receptor coactivator-3 alleles are associated with serum bioavailable testosterone, insulin-like growth factor-1, and vertebral bone mass in men.

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Aged, Alleles, Bone-Density, Cohort-Studies, Genotype, Glutamine, Gonadal-Steroid-Hormones, Hormones, Humans, Insulin-Like-Growth-Factor-I, Male, Middle-Aged, Oncogene-Proteins, Organ-Size, Research-Support-N, I, H, -Extramural, Spine, Testosterone, Trans-Activators, Trinucleotide-Repeats

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J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006 Jan; 91(1):307-12.


CONTEXT: Nuclear receptor coactivator-3 (NCOA3) is a member of the steroid receptor coactivator family that interacts with nuclear hormone receptors to enhance their transcriptional activation function and may play a role in somatic growth. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between the CAG/CAA (glutamine) length variation at the NCOA3 locus, sex steroid hormone, and IGF-I levels and bone mineral density (BMD) in a cohort of older Caucasian men. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the association between potentially functional alleles at this locus, serum sex steroid hormone, and IGF-I levels and lumbar spine and proximal femur BMD (Hologic QDR) in 263 community-dwelling Caucasian men (age 66 +/- 7 yr, mean +/- sd; range 51-84 yr). Men were genotyped for a CAG/CAA repeat polymorphism in NCOA3, which encodes a polyglutamine tract of variable length in the C-terminal transcriptional activation domain of the protein. RESULTS: We found a significant monotonic decrease in lumbar spine, but not hip, BMD with increasing copies of the most common allele (29 repeats, 53%). For example, men with the 29/29 genotype had 6% or nearly 0.5 sd lower spine BMD than men without this genotype, and NCOA3 genotype explained 3.2% of the phenotypic variation in this trait. Serum levels of bioavailable testosterone and IGF-I paralleled genotype-related differences in lumbar spine BMD. CONCLUSION: Allelic variation at the NCOA3 locus may contribute to the genetic control of androgenic hormone and IGF levels and vertebral bone mass among older men.

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