Role of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha in control of blood coagulation factor gene expression.

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J Mol Med 2006 Apr; 84(4):334-44.


Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha (HNF4alpha) plays an important role in the maintenance of many liver-specific functions. Liver-specific HNF4alpha-null mice were used to determine whether hepatic HNF4alpha regulates blood coagulation in vivo. These mice exhibited reduced expression of hepatic coagulation factors V, IX, XI, XII, and XIIIB and a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time but not prothrombin time. Promoter analysis of the mouse FXII and FXIIIB genes was performed to determine whether HNF4alpha directly regulates the genes encoding these coagulation factors. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of one and two HNF4alpha binding sites in the mouse FXII and FXIIIB genes, respectively. Using transient transfection and electrophoretic mobility shift analyses with the mouse FXII and FXIIIB promoters, it was established that the high levels of promoter activity were dependent on HNF4alpha binding sites and the expression of HNF4alpha. In conclusion, HNF4alpha has a critical role in blood coagulation homeostasis by directing transcription of the FXII and XIIIB genes.

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