Enhanced ABCG1 expression increases atherosclerosis in LDLr-KO mice on a western diet.

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Animals, Aorta, Atherosclerosis, Biological-Transport, Chemokine-CCL2, Cholesterol, Cholesterol-HDL, Diet-Atherogenic, Lipids, Lipoproteins, Liver, Macrophages-Peritoneal, Mice, Mice-Transgenic, RNA-Messenger, Receptors-LDL, Tumor-Necrosis-Factor-alpha

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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2006 Dec; 351(2):398-404.


ABCG1 promotes cholesterol efflux from cells, but ABCG1(-/-) bone marrow transplant into ApoE(-/-) and LDLr(-/-) mice reduces atherosclerosis. To further investigate the role of ABCG1 in atherosclerosis, ABCG1 transgenic mice were crossed with LDLr-KO mice and placed on a high-fat western diet. Increased expression of ABCG1 mRNA was detected in liver (1.8-fold) and macrophages (2.7-fold), and cholesterol efflux from macrophages to HDL was also increased (1.4-fold) in ABCG1xLDLr-KO vs. LDLr-KO mice. No major differences were observed in total plasma lipids. However, cholesterol in the IDL-LDL size range was increased by approximately 50% in ABCG1xLDLr-KO mice compared to LDLr-KO mice. Atherosclerosis increased by 39% (10.1+/-0.8 vs 6.1+/-0.9% lesion area, p=0.02), as measured by en face analysis, and by 53% (221+/-98 vs 104+/-58x10(3)microm(2), p =0.01), as measured by cross-sectional analysis in ABCG1xLDLr-KO mice. Plasma levels for MCP-1 (1.5-fold) and TNF-alpha (1.2-fold) were also increased in ABCG1xLDLr-KO mice. In summary, these findings suggest that enhanced expression of ABCG1 increases atherosclerosis in LDLr-KO mice, despite its role in promoting cholesterol efflux from cells.