Multiple genetic loci from CAST/EiJ chromosome 1 affect vBMD either positively or negatively in a C57BL/6J background.

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Animals, Bone-Density, Chromosome-Mapping, Chromosomes, Cytoskeletal-Proteins, Mice, Quantitative-Trait-Loci

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J Bone Miner Res 2006 Jan; 21(1):97-104.


Skeletal phenotype analyses of 10 B6.CAST-1 congenic sublines of mice have revealed evidence for the presence of three closely linked QTLs in Chr 1 that influence femoral vBMD both positively and negatively. INTRODUCTION: BMD is an important component of bone strength and a recognized predictor of risk for osteoporotic fracture. Our goal in this study was to fine map the chromosomal location of volumetric BMD (vBMD) quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in mouse distal chromosome 1 (Chr 1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After several backcrosses of the B6.CAST-1T congenic strain, which carried the initial BMD QTL in Chr 1 with B6 mice, the N10F1 generation mice were intercrossed to obtain recombinations that yielded different regions of the QTL. Thirty-eight polymorphic markers were used to fine map the initial 1T QTL region (100-192 Mb). Different skeletal parameters were compared between the 10 sublines and B6 female mice at 16 weeks of age. A t-test was used to determine the significant difference between sublines and B6 control mice, whereas one-way ANOVA and posthoc (Newman-Keuls) tests were performed to compare the phenotype between the sublines. RESULTS: Significantly higher femur vBMD was found in sublines that carried cast alleles from 100 to 169 and 172 to 185 Mb of the centromere compared with the B6 control mice (10-12%, p < 0.001). However, sublines that carried cast alleles from 185 to 192 Mb showed significantly lower femur vBMD compared with the control mice (-6%, p < 0.05). Furthermore, femur vBMD phenotype showed a negative correlation with endosteal circumference (r = -0.8, p = 0.003), and a strong correlation with cortical thickness for combined data from the 10 sublines (r = 0.97, p < 0.001). Moreover, a high correlation was found between body weight and both periosteal and endosteal circumferences for sublines carrying cast alleles from 167 to 175, 168 to 185, and 169 to 185 Mb, whereas no significant correlation was found between these parameters for sublines carrying cast alleles from 172 to 185 Mb. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic analysis using congenic sublines revealed that the initial BMD QTL on Chr 1 is a complex site with multiple loci affecting bone phenotypes, showing the value of the congenic approach in clearly identifying loci that control specific traits.