Role of the beta1 subunit in the function and stability of the 20S proteasome in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus.

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Calorimetry-Differential-Scanning, Genome-Archaeal, Heat, Molecular-Chaperones, Proteasome-Endopeptidase-Complex, Protein-Subunits, Pyrococcus-furiosus, Temperature, Transcription-Genetic

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see Reprint Collection

JAX Source

J Bacteriol 2007 Jan; 189(2):583-90.


The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus genome encodes three proteasome component proteins: one alpha protein (PF1571) and two beta proteins (beta1-PF1404 and beta2-PF0159), as well as an ATPase (PF0115), referred to as proteasome-activating nucleotidase. Transcriptional analysis of the P. furiosus dynamic heat shock response (shift from 90 to 105 degrees C) showed that the beta1 gene was up-regulated over twofold within 5 minutes, suggesting a specific role during thermal stress. Consistent with transcriptional data, two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that incorporation of the beta1 protein relative to beta2 into the 20S proteasome (core particle [CP]) increased with increasing temperature for both native and recombinant versions. For the recombinant enzyme, the beta2/beta1 ratio varied linearly with temperature from 3.8, when assembled at 80 degrees C, to 0.9 at 105 degrees C. The recombinant alpha+beta1+beta2 CP assembled at 105 degrees C was more thermostable than either the alpha+beta1+beta2 version assembled at 90 degrees C or the alpha+beta2 version assembled at either 90 degrees C or 105 degrees C, based on melting temperature and the biocatalytic inactivation rate at 115 degrees C. The recombinant CP assembled at 105 degrees C was also found to have different catalytic rates and specificity for peptide hydrolysis, compared to the 90 degrees C assembly (measured at 95 degrees C). Combination of the alpha and beta1 proteins neither yielded a large proteasome complex nor demonstrated any significant activity. These results indicate that the beta1 subunit in the P. furiosus 20S proteasome plays a thermostabilizing role and influences biocatalytic properties, suggesting that beta subunit composition is a factor in archaeal proteasome function during thermal stress, when polypeptide turnover is essential to cell survival.

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