Unexpected functional consequences of xenogeneic transgene expression in beta-cells of NOD mice.
see Reprint Collection (a pdf is available).
Diabetes Obes Metab 2007 Nov; 9(Suppl 2):14-22.
We describe unexpected alterations in the non-obese diabetic (NOD/Lt) mouse model of type 1 diabetes (T1D) following forced beta-cell expression of non-mammalian genes ligated to an insulin promoter sequence. These include the jellyfish green fluorescent protein (GFP), useful for beta-cell identification, and the bacteriophage P1 Cre recombinase, necessary for beta cell-specific ablation of a gene using a Cre-loxP system. Homozygous expression of GFP, driven by the mouse insulin 1 gene promoter (MIP-GFP) in a single transgenic line of NOD mice, produced T1D in postnatal mice that was not associated with insulitis, but rather beta cell-depleted islets. Hemizygous transgene expression suppressed spontaneous autoimmune T1D in females, and produced a male glucose intolerance syndrome associated with age-dependent declines in plasma insulin content. Among lines of transgenic NOD/Lt mice expressing Cre recombinase driven by the rat insulin 2 promoter (RIP-Cre), high, non-mosaic expression correlated with suppressed T1D development. These findings emphasize the need for careful characterization of genetically manipulated NOD mouse stocks to insure that model characteristics have not been compromised.
Leiter, E H.; Reifsnyder, P; Driver, J; Kamdar, S; Choisy, Rossi C.; Serreze, D V.; Hara, M; and Chervonsky, A, "Unexpected functional consequences of xenogeneic transgene expression in beta-cells of NOD mice." (2007). Faculty Research 2000 - 2009. 1682.