Macrophage colony-stimulating factor is indispensable for repopulation and differentiation of Kupffer cells but not for splenic red pulp macrophages in osteopetrotic (op/op) mice after macrophage depletion.

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Bone-Density-Conservation-Agents, Cell-Differentiation, Clodronic-Acid, Kupffer-Cells, Liposomes, Macrophage-Colony-Stimulating-Factor, Macrophages, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Osteopetrosis, Spleen

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Cell Tissue Res 2008 May; 332(2):245-56.


We previously reported that macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF, CSF-1) played important roles in the process of the repopulation of Kupffer cells after their elimination by administration of liposome-entrapped dichloromethylene diphosphonate (lipo-MDP). In this study, we examined the repopulation of Kupffer cells and splenic red pulp macrophages in osteopetrotic (op/op) mice defective in the production of functional M-CSF and their littermate mice by using the lipo-MDP model. In untreated op/op mice, numbers of F4/80-positive Kupffer cells in the liver and F4/80-positive splenic red pulp macrophages were reduced. Repopulation of Kupffer cells and splenic macrophages was observed in littermate (op/+) mice liver by 14 days after depletion. However, in op/op mice, repopulation of Kupffer cells was not observed in Kupffer-cell-depleted op/op mice until 56 days after depletion, whereas splenic red pulp macrophages repopulated and recovered to the level of control op/op mice by 10 days after depletion. Single injection of M-CSF was effective for the induction of the repopulation of Kupffer cells, and daily administration of M-CSF induced remarkable repopulation and maturation of Kupffer cells and proliferation of macrophage precursor cells in the liver of Kupffer-cell-depleted op/op mice. These results suggest that Kupffer cells are completely M-CSF-dependent tissue macrophages, whereas splenic red pulp macrophages are composed of M-CSF-dependent macrophages and M-CSF-independent macrophages. This mouse model provides a useful tool for the study of effects of growth factor on Kupffer cell differentiation in vivo.

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