NOTCH is part of the transcriptional network regulating cell growth and survival in mouse plasmacytomas.

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Animals, Cell-Proliferation, Cell-Survival, Gene-Expression-Profiling, Lymphoma-B-Cell, Mice-Inbred-BALB-C, Oligonucleotide-Array-Sequence-Analysis, Plasma-Cells, Plasmacytoma, Polymerase-Chain-Reaction, Receptors-Notch, Signal-Transduction

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Cancer Res 2008 Nov; 68(22):9202-11.


Aside from Myc-activating translocations characteristic of plasmacytomas (PCT), little is known about genetic factors and signaling pathways responsible for the development of spontaneous B-cell lineage lymphomas of mice. Here, we characterized the transcriptional profiles of PCT, centroblastic diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (CBL), and high-grade splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZL++) using high-throughput quantitative reverse transcription-PCR. Expression profiles of CBL and MZL++ were strikingly similar and quite unlike that of PCT. Among the genes expressed at significantly higher levels by PCT were a number involved in NOTCH signaling, a finding supported by gene set enrichment analyses of microarray data. To investigate the importance of this pathway, NOTCH signaling was blocked in PCT cell lines by treatment with a gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) or transduction of a dominant-negative mutant of MAML1. These treatments resulted in reduced expression of NOTCH transcriptional targets in association with impaired proliferation and increased apoptosis. GSI treatment of transformed plasma cells in a primary PCT also induced apoptosis. These results integrate NOTCH activation with oncogenic signaling pathways downstream of translocated Myc in the pathogenesis of mouse PCT, two signaling pathways also implicated in development of human multiple myeloma and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.