Hair interior defect in AKR/J mice.

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Animals, Chromosome-Mapping, Hair, Mice-Inbred-AKR, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Microscopy-Electron-Scanning, Mutation, Phenotype

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Clin Exp Dermatol 2009 Jun; 34(4):509-17.


BACKGROUND: All AKR/J mice have a subtle defect that involves malformation of the central portion of hair fibres that is best visualized under white and polarized light microscopy. AIMS: This study sought to characterize the clinical and ultrastructural features of the hair interior defect (HID) phenotype and to determine the chromosomal localization of the hid mutant gene locus. METHODS: White and polarized light microscopy combined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to characterize the HID phenotype. Complementation testing and gene-linkage studies were performed to map the locus. RESULTS: Using SEM, the hair-fibre structure on the surface was found to be similar to hairs obtained from normal BALB/cByJ+/+and C57BL/6 J+/+mice. There were also no differences in sulphur content. TEM revealed degenerative changes in the medulla similar to that seen by light microscopy. This autosomal recessive mutation is called HID (locus symbol: hid). We mapped the hid locus to the distal end of mouse chromosome 1. No genes reported to cause skin or hair abnormalities are known to be within this interval except for the lamin B receptor (Lbr), which had been excluded previously as the cause of the hid phenotype in AKR/J mice. CONCLUSION: A potentially novel gene or known gene with a novel phenotype resides within this interval, which may shed light on human diseases with defects in the inner structure of the hair fibre.