Colocalization of somatic and meiotic double strand breaks near the Myc oncogene on mouse chromosome 15.

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Chromosomes-Mammalian, DNA-Breaks-Double-Stranded, Female, Genes-myc, Lymphoma-B-Cell, Male, Meiosis, Mice, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Transgenic, Mitosis, Proto-Oncogene-Proteins-c-myc, Recombination-Genetic

JAX Source

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2009 Oct; 48(10):925-30.


Both somatic and meiotic recombinations involve the repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) that occur at preferred locations in the genome. Improper repair of DSBs during either mitosis or meiosis can lead to mutations, chromosomal aberration such as translocations, cancer, and/or cell death. Currently, no model exists that explains the locations of either spontaneous somatic DSBs or programmed meiotic DSBs or relates them to each other. One common class of tumorigenic translocations arising from DSBs is chromosomal rearrangements near the Myc oncogene. Myc translocations have been associated with Burkitt lymphoma in humans, plasmacytoma in mice, and immunocytoma in rats. Comparing the locations of somatic and meiotic DSBs near the mouse Myc oncogene, we demonstrated that the placement of these DSBs is not random and that both events clustered in the same short discrete region of the genome. Our work shows that both somatic and meiotic DSBs tend to occur in proximity to each other within the Myc region, suggesting that they share common originating features. It is likely that some regions of the genome are more susceptible to both somatic and meiotic DSBs, and the locations of meiotic hotspots may be an indicator of genomic regions more susceptible to DNA damage.