Regulation of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 messenger ribonucleic acid expression in mouse granulosa cells during ovulation.

Document Type


Publication Date



Cells-Cultured, Female, Gene-Expression-Regulation, Gonadotropins-Chorionic, Granulosa-Cells, Homeostasis, Isoenzymes, Kinetics, Mice, Oocytes, Ovarian-Follicle, Ovulation, Prostaglandin-Endoperoxides, Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide-Synthase, RNA-Messenger, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Time-Factors

JAX Source

Endocrinology 2001 Jul; 142(7):3187-97.


CA34196/CA/NCI, HD23839/HD/NICHD


Normal ovulation in mice requires PG-endoperoxide synthase 2 (cyclooxygenase-2; COX-2) expression. This study examined the role of the oocyte and other factors in regulating steady state levels of COX-2 messenger RNA (mRNA) in granulosa cells. Multiphasic changes in the expression pattern of COX-2 mRNA were found, with peaks of expression 4 and 12 h after hCG treatment. Changes in relative expression levels in cumulus cells and mural granulosa cells occurred over time, with similar mRNA levels at 4 h, but higher levels in cumulus cells compared with mural granulosa cells at 8 and 12 h post-hCG. In cultured mural granulosa cells, LH, FSH, and oocytes promoted COX-2 mRNA expression concurrent with the first expression peak in vivo. At the same time, FSH, but not LH, treatment of cultured cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) promoted COX-2 mRNA expression in cumulus cells. This response of cumulus cells to FSH treatment was largely dependent on the presence of either fully grown germinal vesicle stage or maturing oocytes, but not growing oocytes. At 8 h, COX-2 mRNA expression in FSH-stimulated COC was lower than at 4 h; however, oocyte coculture promoted COX-2 mRNA expression in cumulus cells. No second peak in expression occurred in cultured COC. However, coculture of COC with follicle walls promoted COX-2 mRNA expression in Cumulus cells 12 h post-hCG; an effect augmented by oocytes. Therefore, the oocyte resident within ovulatory follicles produces a factor(s) that promotes expression of COX-2 mRNA by cumulus cells and possibly by mural granulosa cells. Thus, the oocyte probably plays an important role in promoting ovulation. However, the multiphasic changes in the pattern of COX-2 expression appear orchestrated by non-oocyte-derived factors.