Mouse paracentric inversion In(3)55Rk mutates the urate oxidase gene.

Document Type


Publication Date



Animal, Blotting-Southern, Chromosome-Banding, Chromosome-Mapping, Crosses-Genetic, DNA-Mutational-Analysis, Exons, Female, In-Situ-Hybridization-Fluorescence, Inversion-(Genetics), Kidney-Diseases, Male, Mice, Mice-Mutant-Strains, Mutation, Polymorphism-Restriction-Fragment-Length, RNA-Messenger, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-NON-P-H-S, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S, Urate-Oxidase, Uric-Acid

JAX Location

see Journal Stacks

JAX Source

Cytogenet Cell Genet 2001; 93(1-2):77-82.


CA34196/CA/NCI, GM46697/GM/NIGMS, P40RR01183/RR/NCRR


The paracentric inversion In(3)55Rk on mouse Chromosome 3 (Chr 3) was induced by cesium irradiation. Genetic crosses indicate the proximal breakpoint cosegregates with D3Mit324 and D3Mit92; the distal breakpoint cosegregates with D3Mit127, D3Mit160, and D3Mit200. Giemsa-banded chromosomes show the inversion spans approximately 80% of Chr 3. The proximal breakpoint occurs within band 3A2, not 3B as reported previously; the distal breakpoint occurs within band 3H3. Mice homozygous for the inversion exhibit nephropathy indicative of uricase deficiency. Southern blot analyses of urate oxidase, Uox, show two RFLPs of genomic mutant DNA: an EcoRI site between exons 4-8 and a BamHI site 3' to exon 6. Mutant cDNA fails to amplify downstream of base 844 at the 3' end of exon 7. FISH analysis of chromosomes from inversion heterozygotes, using a cosmid clone containing genomic wild-type DNA for Uox exons 2-4, shows that a 5' segment of the mutated Uox allele on the inverted chromosome has been transposed from the distal breakpoint region to the proximal breakpoint region. Clinical, histopathological, and Northern analyses indicate that our radiation-induced mutation, uox(In), is a putative null. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

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