Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in femoral and vertebral bone marrow stromal cells: expression and regulation by thyroid hormone and dexamethasone.

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Blotting-Northern, Bone-Marrow-Cells, Culture-Media-Serum-Free, Dexamethasone, Dose-Response-Relationship-Drug, Female, Femur, Gene-Expression-Regulation, Insulin-Like-Growth-Factor-I, Insulin-Like-Growth-Factor-Binding-Proteins, RNA-Messenger, Rats, Rats-Sprague-Dawley, Spine, Time-Factors, Triiodothyronine

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see Reprint Collection

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J Cell Biochem 2001 Mar; 81(2):229-40.


Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I is an important regulator of bone metabolism. Clinical observations suggest that different anatomic sites within the adult skeleton respond differently to hormonal and therapeutic treatment, and recent studies on bone marrow stromal cells in culture show that there are skeletal site-dependent differences in the gene expression of IGF-I. The actions of IGF-I and -II on bone cells are known to be modulated by the IGF binding proteins (IGFBP)-1 through -6 and the Type I and Type II IGF receptors. Therefore, we compared the expression of IGFBP-1 through -6 in adult female rat bone marrow stromal cell cultures derived from two separate skeletal sites: vertebrae and femurs. The cultures were maintained simultaneously under conditions that support osteoblast differentiation from osteoprogenitors present in the femoral and vertebral marrow cell populations. We also addressed whether IGFBP messenger RNA levels are regulated by thyroid hormone (T(3)) and dexamethasone (dex) treatment in femoral vs. vertebral marrow stromal cells in vitro, since steroid hormones play an important role in skeletal function. Northern blot analyses revealed that there are distinct skeletal site differences in the gene expression of IGFBPs. The vertebral marrow cultures express IGFBP-2 through -6 mRNAs, with IGFBP-2, IGFBP-4, and IGFBP-6 mRNAs predominating. The femoral marrow stromal cell cultures express only IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-6. Importantly, vertebral marrow cultures have much higher IGFBP mRNA steady-state levels than femoral cultures for all the detected IGFBP transcripts. IGFBP-1 is not detected in either femoral or vertebral cultures. In addition to a skeletal site difference, we show that T(3) and dex regulate the expression of specific IGFBP mRNAs. T(3) treatment also upregulates IGF-I protein secretion by vertebral marrow stromal cell cultures. Interestingly, the type I receptor for IGF-I was expressed equivalently in cultures from the two skeletal sites. These findings have important implications for the anatomical site specificities of hormonal responses that are noted in the skeleton. Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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