Quantitative trait locus mapping of genes that regulate HDL cholesterol in SM/J and NZB/B1NJ inbred mice.

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Crosses-Genetic, DNA-Complementary, Diet-Atherogenic, Female, Genotype, Lipoproteins-HDL-Cholesterol, Liver, Male, Mice, Mice-Inbred-NZB, Mice-Inbred-Strains, Particle-Size, Quantitative-Trait-Heritable, Receptors-Lipoprotein, SUPPORT-NON-U-S-GOVT, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

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Physiol Genomics 2002; 9(2):93-102.


CA34196/CA/NCI, HL30086/HL/NHLBI


To investigate the quantitative trait loci (QTL) regulating plasma cholesterol, the female progeny of an (SMxNZB/ B1NJ)xNZB/B1NJ backcross were fed an atherogenic diet. After 18 wk, plasma total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was measured. HDL-C concentrations were greater in NZB than in SM mice. For standard chow-fed mice, QTL were found near D5Mit370 and D18Mit34. For mice fed an atherogenic diet, a QTL was found near D5Mit239. The QTL for chow-fed and atherogenic-fed mice on chromosome 5 seem to be two different loci. We used a multitrait analysis to rule out pleiotropy in favor of a two-QTL hypothesis. Furthermore, the HDL-C in these strains was induced by the high-fat diet. For inducible HDL-C, one significant locus was found near D15Mit39. The gene for an HDL receptor, Srb1, maps close to the HDL-C QTL at D5Mit370, but the concentrations of Srb1 mRNA and SR-B1 protein and the gene sequence of NZB/B1NJ and SM/J did not support Srb1 as a candidate gene. With these QTL, we have identified chromosomal regions that affect lipoprotein profiles in these strains.