Confirmation and high resolution mapping of an atherosclerosis susceptibility gene in mice on Chromosome 1.
Mamm Genome 2002 Oct; 13:548-553.
HL32087/HL/NHLBI, HL62652/HL/NHLBI, LBI-1-F32-HL10124-01/HL/NHLBI
Previously, we demonstrated that Ath1 is a quantitative trait locus for aortic fatty streak formation, located on Chromosome (chr) 1, with susceptibility in C57BL/6J mice and resistance in C3H/HeJ and BALB/cJ mice fed an atherogenic diet. In this study, we find an atherosclerosis susceptibility locus in the same region of Chr 1 by constructing two congenic strains with the resistance phenotype transferred from different resistant strains, PERA/EiJ or SPRETUS/EiJ. By backcrossing one congenic strain to C57BL/6J and testing recombinant animals, we reduced the distance of the atherosclerosis susceptibility region to 2.3 cM between D1Mit14 and D1Mit10. Further testing of nine recombinant animals showed that eight of the nine were consistent with a further narrowing between D1Mit159 and D1Mit398 a distance of 0.66 cM. This region encompasses a number of potential candidate genes including the thiol-specific antioxidant gene Aop2, also known as peroxiredoxin 5 (Prdx5). AOP2 is capable of reducing hydroperoxides and lipid peroxides in the cell. To investigate Aop2 as a potential candidate, we mapped Aop2 in our backcross and localized it to the atherosclerosis susceptibility interval. We determined that Aop2 is highly expressed in atherosclerosis-related tissues including liver and heart. We also found an inverse correlation between Aop2 mRNA in liver and atherosclerosis phenotype for strains C57BL/6 and the resistant congenic derived from SPRETUS/EiJ. Since LDL oxidation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of this disease, and AOP2 possesses antioxidant activity, we suggest the role of Aop2 in atherosclerosis susceptibility needs to be further explored.
Phelan, S A.; Beier, D R.; Higgins, D C.; and Paigen, B, " Confirmation and high resolution mapping of an atherosclerosis susceptibility gene in mice on Chromosome 1." (2002). Faculty Research 2000 - 2009. 435.