Reduced growth of human sarcoma xenografts in hosts homozygous for the lit mutation.

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Bone-Neoplasms, Humans, Mice-SCID, Mutation, Neoplasm-Transplantation, Receptor-IGF-Type-1, Receptors-Neuropeptide, Receptors-Pituitary-Hormone-Regulating-Hormone, Sarcoma

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J Surg Oncol 2002 Oct; 81(2):75-9.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior studies have shown that sarcoma growth can be stimulated by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). To extend this line of research, we carried out in vivo growth studies of primary human sarcoma in immunosuppressed control and IGF-I-deficient mice. METHODS: Human sarcoma specimens (one osteosarcoma and seven soft tissue sarcomas) were harvested in the operating room and implanted in immunosuppressed mice. Second-generation sarcomas were transplanted to control (GH replete lit/+ mice) and to experimental (GH/IGF-I-deficient lit/lit) animals. When tumors reached 1,000 mm(3) in one group, average tumor size was compared in the two groups. IGF-I receptor expression was measured by RT-PCR and IGF-I receptor binding sites were assayed by radiolabeled IGF-I. RESULTS: Five of eight sarcomas demonstrated reduced growth in the GH/IGF-I-deficient lit/lit animals. In four of the five sarcomas that demonstrated growth inhibition, IGF-R was elevated relative to placenta or a positive control cell line (MCF-7, which is known to be responsive to IGF-I in vitro and in vivo). In three of the five sarcomas that demonstrated growth suppression, IGF-R was elevated twofold after implantation in the experimental IGF-I-deficient animals. CONCLUSIONS: The GH-IGF axis may be an important stimulator of tumor growth in sarcomas. These experiments suggest that IGF suppression may inhibit sarcoma growth in vivo.

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