Spontaneous proliferative lesions and tumors of the uterus of captive African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris).

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Animals, Animals-Zoo, Female, Hedgehogs, Hysterectomy, Leiomyoma, Leiomyosarcoma, Ovariectomy, Polyps, Sarcoma-Endometrial-Stromal, Treatment-Outcome, Uterine-Neoplasms, Weight-Loss

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J Zoo Wildl Med 2004 Jun; 35(2):216-20.


Fifteen captive female African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris), 3- to 5-yr-old, were diagnosed with proliferative uterine lesions (n = 28). Lesions were associated with vaginal bleeding in all cases, hematuria in 11 of 13 cases, and weight loss in 7 of 12 cases. Lesions were multiple in eight cases and single in seven cases. The lesions identified were 13 adenosarcomas, 7 endometrial stromal sarcomas, 6 endometrial polyps, 1 adenoleiomyosarcoma, and 1 adenoleiomyoma. In one animal with adenosarcoma, peritoneal seeding was detected at the time of hysterectomy. Mean survival time was 303 days (n = 10). Ovariohysterectomy allows prolonged survival of hedgehogs with uterine tumors.

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