Humanized nonobese diabetic-scid IL2rgammanull mice are susceptible to lethal Salmonella Typhi infection.

Document Type


Publication Date



Animals-Newborn, Antigens-CD45, Cytokines, Flow-Cytometry, Hematopoietic-Stem-Cell-Transplantation, Hematopoietic-Stem-Cells, Interferon-gamma, Interleukin-Receptor-Common-gamma-Subunit, Mice-Inbred-C57BL, Mice-Inbred-NOD, Mice-Knockout, Mice-SCID, Salmonella-typhi, Tumor-Necrosis-Factor-alpha, Typhoid-Fever, Virulence

JAX Source

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2010 Aug; 107(35):15589-94.


Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the cause of typhoid fever, is host-adapted to humans and unable to cause disease in mice. Here, we show that S. Typhi can replicate in vivo in nonobese diabetic (NOD)-scid IL2rgamma(null) mice engrafted with human hematopoietic stem cells (hu-SRC-SCID mice) to cause a lethal infection with pathological and inflammatory cytokine responses resembling human typhoid. In contrast, S. Typhi does not exhibit net replication or cause illness in nonengrafted or immunocompetent control animals. Screening of transposon pools in hu-SRC-SCID mice revealed both known and previously unknown Salmonella virulence determinants, including Salmonella Pathogenicity Islands 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6. Our observations indicate that the presence of human immune cells allows the in vivo replication of S. Typhi in mice. The hu-SRC-SCID mouse provides an unprecedented opportunity to gain insights into S. Typhi pathogenesis and devise strategies for the prevention of typhoid fever.