Evaluation of matrix effects in analysis of estrogen using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

Document Type


Publication Date


JAX Location

Reprint Collection

JAX Source

J Sep Sci 2011; 34:1781-1787.




Matrix effects of different biological samples, including phosphate-buffered saline-bovine serum albumin (PBS-BSA), gelded horse serum, mouse serum, and mouse brain, were investigated for the determination of 17α- and β-estradiol using derivatization with dansyl chloride prior to LC-MS/MS. Matrix effects were evaluated based on the slopes of regression lines plotted from results obtained in biological matrices versus pure standard solutions. Such plots indicate the enhancement or suppression of signal based on the presence of a particular biological fluid for a particular method. The matrix effects from PBS-BSA were similar to those of mouse serum. In contrast, analyses performed from horse serum and mouse brain yielded significant ion suppression, especially for 17β-estradiol. Precipitation during derivatization was observed when pre-concentrated samples were processed with ethyl acetate as an extraction solvent. This was overcome with the use of methyl tert-butyl ether; however, matrix effects from this preparation were still present, evidenced by signal suppression and poor linearity in the standard curve. This work affirms that caution should be taken in the transfer of methods for use with different biological matrices, especially in the case where surrogate matrices are necessary for calibration purposes.

Please contact the Joan Staats Library for information regarding this document.