Prevention of "Humanized" diabetogenic CD8 T-cell responses in HLA-transgenic NOD mice by a multipeptide coupled-cell approach.

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CD8-Positive-T-Lymphocytes, Cells-Cultured, Diabetes-Mellitus-Type-1, Enzyme-Linked-Immunosorbent-Assay, Female, Glucose-6-Phosphatase, HLA-A2-Antigen, Humans, Immunotherapy, Mice-Inbred-NOD, Mice-Transgenic, Proteins, Spleen

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Diabetes 2011 Apr; 60(4):1229-36.

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OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes can be inhibited in standard NOD mice by autoantigen-specific immunotherapy targeting pathogenic CD8+ T-cells. NOD.beta2m(null).HHD mice expressing human HLA-A2.1 but lacking murine major histocompatibility complex class I molecules develop diabetes characterized by CD8 T-cells recognizing certain autoantigenic peptides also targeted in human patients. These include peptides derived from the pancreatic beta-cell proteins insulin (INS1/2 A(2-10) and INS1 B(5-14)) and islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein (IGRP(265-273) and IGRP(228-236)). Hence, NOD.beta2m(null).HHD mice represent a model system for developing potentially clinically translatable interventions for suppressing diabetogenic HLA-A2.1-restricted T-cell responses. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Starting at 4-6 weeks of age, NOD.beta2m(null).HHD female mice were injected intravenously with syngeneic splenocytes to which various admixtures of the four above-mentioned peptides were bound by the cross-linking agent ethylene carbodiimide (ECDI). RESULTS: Treatment with such cells bearing the complete cocktail of INS and IGRP epitopes (designated INS/IGRP-SPs) significantly inhibited diabetes development in NOD.beta2m(null).HHD recipients compared with controls receiving splenocytes coupled with an irrelevant HLA-A2.1-restricted Flu16 peptide. Subsequent analyses found syngeneic splenocytes bearing the combination of the two ECDI-coupled IGRPs but not INS peptides (IGRP-SPs or INS-SPs) effectively inhibited diabetes development in NOD.beta2m(null).HHD mice. This result was supported by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) analyses indicating combined INS/IGRP-SPs diminished HLA-A2.1-restricted IGRP but not INS autoreactive CD8+ T-cell responses in NOD.beta2m(null).HHD mice. CONCLUSIONS: These data support the potential of a cell therapy approach targeting HLA-A2.1-restricted IGRP autoreactive CD8 T-cells as a diabetes intervention approach in appropriate human patients.