Improved B cell development in humanized NOD-scid IL2Rγ(null) mice transgenically expressing human stem cell factor, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-3.

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Immun Inflamm Dis 2016 Dec; 4(4):427-440.




OD018259, CA034196, AI103650


INTRODUCTION: Immunodeficient mice engrafted with human immune systems support studies of human hematopoiesis and the immune response to human-specific pathogens. A significant limitation of these humanized mouse models is, however, a severely restricted ability of human B cells to undergo class switching and produce antigen-specific IgG after infection or immunization.

METHODS: In this study, we have characterized the development and function of human B cells in NOD-scid IL2Rγ(null) (NSG) mice transgenically expressing human stem cell factor (SCF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-3 (NSG-SGM3) following engraftment with human hematopoietic stem cells, autologous fetal liver, and thymic tissues (bone marrow, liver, thymus or BLT model). The NSG-SGM3 BLT mice engraft rapidly with human immune cells and develop T cells, B cells, and myeloid cells.

RESULTS: A higher proportion of human B cells developing in NSG-SGM3 BLT mice had a mature/naive phenotype with a corresponding decrease in immature/transitional human B cells as compared to NSG BLT mice. In addition, NSG-SGM3 BLT mice have higher basal levels of human IgM and IgG as compared with NSG BLT mice. Moreover, dengue virus infection of NSG-SGM3 BLT mice generated higher levels of antigen-specific IgM and IgG, a result not observed in NSG BLT mice.

CONCLUSIONS: Our studies suggest that NSG-SGM3 BLT mice show improved human B cell development and permit the generation of antigen-specific antibody responses to viral infection.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2016 Dec; 4(4):427-440.