HSF1 critically attunes proteotoxic stress sensing by mTORC1 to combat stress and promote growth.
Nat Cell Biol 2016 May; 18(5):527-39
CA034196, 1DP2OD007070, AS-NS-0599-09
To cope with proteotoxic stress, cells attenuate protein synthesis. However, the precise mechanisms underlying this fundamental adaptation remain poorly defined. Here we report that mTORC1 acts as an immediate cellular sensor of proteotoxic stress. Surprisingly, the multifaceted stress-responsive kinase JNK constitutively associates with mTORC1 under normal growth conditions. On activation by proteotoxic stress, JNK phosphorylates both RAPTOR at S863 and mTOR at S567, causing partial disintegration of mTORC1 and subsequent translation inhibition. Importantly, HSF1, the central player in the proteotoxic stress response (PSR), preserves mTORC1 integrity and function by inactivating JNK, independently of its canonical transcriptional action. Thereby, HSF1 translationally augments the PSR. Beyond promoting stress resistance, this intricate HSF1-JNK-mTORC1 interplay, strikingly, regulates cell, organ and body sizes. Thus, these results illuminate a unifying mechanism that controls stress adaptation and growth. Nat Cell Biol 2016 May; 18(5):527-39
Su, Kuo-Hui; Cao, Junyue; Tang, Zijian; Dai, Siyuan; He, Yishu; Sampson, Stephen B.; Benjamin, Ivor J; and Dai, Chengkai, "HSF1 critically attunes proteotoxic stress sensing by mTORC1 to combat stress and promote growth." (2016). Faculty Research 2016. 99.