Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-25-2018

JAX Source

Sci Rep 2018 Apr 25; 8(1):6518.

PMID

29695735

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24457-1

Grant

GM120953, GM080646

Abstract

Many bioinformatics resources with unique perspectives on the protein landscape are currently available. However, generating new knowledge from these resources requires interoperable workflows that support cross-resource queries. In this study, we employ federated queries linking information from the Protein Kinase Ontology, iPTMnet, Protein Ontology, neXtProt, and the Mouse Genome Informatics to identify key knowledge gaps in the functional coverage of the human kinome and prioritize understudied kinases, cancer variants and post-translational modifications (PTMs) for functional studies. We identify 32 functional domains enriched in cancer variants and PTMs and generate mechanistic hypotheses on overlapping variant and PTM sites by aggregating information at the residue, protein, pathway and species level from these resources. We experimentally test the hypothesis that S768 phosphorylation in the C-helix of EGFR is inhibitory by showing that oncogenic variants altering S768 phosphorylation increase basal EGFR activity. In contrast, oncogenic variants altering conserved phosphorylation sites in the 'hydrophobic motif' of PKCβII (S660F and S660C) are loss-of-function in that they reduce kinase activity and enhance membrane translocation. Our studies provide a framework for integrative, consistent, and reproducible annotation of the cancer kinomes. Sci Rep 2018 Apr 25; 8(1):6518.

Comments

This open access article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

Share

COinS