Cell Rep 2019 Nov 26; 29(9):2672-2688.e7
CA034196,CA045508,CA1728206,KG091029,66810101, JAX start-up funds
Misregulation of alternative splicing is a hallmark of human tumors, yet to what extent and how it contributes to malignancy are only beginning to be unraveled. Here, we define which members of the splicing factor SR and SR-like families contribute to breast cancer and uncover differences and redundancies in their targets and biological functions. We identify splicing factors frequently altered in human breast tumors and assay their oncogenic functions using breast organoid models. We demonstrate that not all splicing factors affect mammary tumorigenesis in MCF-10A cells. Specifically, the upregulation of SRSF4, SRSF6, or TRA2β disrupts acinar morphogenesis and promotes cell proliferation and invasion in MCF-10A cells. By characterizing the targets of these oncogenic splicing factors, we identify shared spliced isoforms associated with well-established cancer hallmarks. Finally, we demonstrate that TRA2β is regulated by the MYC oncogene, plays a role in metastasis maintenance in vivo, and its levels correlate with breast cancer patient survival.
Park, SungHee; Brugiolo, Mattia; Akerman, Martin; Das, Shipra; Urbanski, Laura M; Geier, Adam; Kesarwani, Anil K; Fan, Martin; Leclair, Nathan; Lin, Kuan-Ting; Hu, Leo; Hua, Ian; George, Joshy; Muthuswamy, Senthil K; Krainer, Adrian R; and Anczuków, Olga, "Differential Functions of Splicing Factors in Mammary Transformation and Breast Cancer Metastasis." (2019). Faculty Research 2019. 272.