Snx3 is important for mammalian neural tube closure via its role in canonical and non-canonical WNT signaling
Development 2020 Nov 19; 147(22):dev192518
Disruptions in neural tube (NT) closure result in neural tube defects (NTDs). To understand the molecular processes required for mammalian NT closure, we investigated the role of Snx3, a sorting nexin gene. Snx3-/- mutant mouse embryos display a fully-penetrant cranial NTD. In vivo, we observed decreased canonical WNT target gene expression in the cranial neural epithelium of the Snx3-/- embryos and a defect in convergent extension of the neural epithelium. Snx3-/- cells show decreased WNT secretion, and live cell imaging reveals aberrant recycling of the WNT ligand-binding protein WLS and mis-trafficking to the lysosome for degradation. The importance of SNX3 in WNT signaling regulation is demonstrated by rescue of NT closure in Snx3-/- embryos with a WNT agonist. The potential for SNX3 to function in human neurulation is revealed by a point mutation identified in an NTD-affected individual that results in functionally impaired SNX3 that does not colocalize with WLS and the degradation of WLS in the lysosome. These data indicate that Snx3 is crucial for NT closure via its role in recycling WLS in order to control levels of WNT signaling
Brown, Heather Mary; Murray, Stephen A.; Northrup, Hope; Au, Kit Sing; and Niswander, Lee A, "Snx3 is important for mammalian neural tube closure via its role in canonical and non-canonical WNT signaling" (2020). Faculty Research 2020. 238.