Cell Death Dis 2020 Jun 4; 11(6):423
The mitochondrial flavoprotein ferredoxin reductase (FDXR) is required for biogenesis of iron-sulfur clusters and for steroidogenesis. Iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters are ubiquitous cofactors essential to various cellular processes, and an increasing number of disorders are associated with disruptions in the synthesis of Fe-S clusters. Our previous studies have demonstrated that hypomorphic mutations in FDXR cause a novel mitochondriopathy and optic atrophy in humans and mice, attributed in part to reduced function of the electron transport chain (ETC) as well as elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Inflammation and peripheral neuropathy are also hallmarks of this disease. In this paper, we demonstrate that FDXR mutation leads to significant optic transport defects that are likely to underlie optic atrophy, a major clinical presentation in FDXR patients, as well as a neurodegenerative loss of cells in the central nervous system (CNS). Molecular analysis indicates that FDXR mutation also leads to mitochondrial iron overload and an associated depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane, further supporting the hypothesis that FDXR mutations cause neurodegeneration by affecting FDXR's critical role in iron homeostasis.
Slone, Jesse D; Yang, Li; Peng, Yanyan; Queme, Luis F; Harris, Belinda S.; Sukoff Rizzo, Stacey J; Green, Torrian; Ryan, Jennifer L; Jankowski, Michael P; Reinholdt, Laura G; and Huang, Taosheng, "Integrated analysis of the molecular pathogenesis of FDXR-associated disease." (2020). Faculty Research 2020. 284.