Faculty Research 1970 - 1979

Title

Inactive 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase in broken cell preparations of various mammalian tissues and cell cultures.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1979

Keywords

Adenosine-Triphosphate, Aging, Animal, Cell-Fractionation, Cells-Cultured, Coenzyme-A, Comparative-Study, Fluorides, Glutarates, Guinea-Pigs, Hamsters, Hydrogen-Ion-Concentration, Hydroxycholesterols, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-Reductases: me, Ketoacid-Lyases: me, Magnesium, Microsomes: en, NADP, Rabbits, Rats, Sonication, SUPPORT-U-S-GOVT-P-H-S

JAX Source

Biochim-Biophys-Acta. 1979 Mar 29; 572(3):541-56.

Abstract

Preincubation of broken cell preparations from a variety of tissues and cell cultures resulted in an apparent increase in the level of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity. However, apparent activation of the reductase in mouse liver, hepatomas and primary liver cell cultures was attributed largely to the loss, during the preincubation period, of an interfering enzyme, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase. Among non hepatic cells and tissues (which did not contain appreciable lyase activity) the proportion of latent reductase was high in sonicates of fetal brain and in L cells and was independent of the level of total enzyme activity present. Activation of the reductase was blocked by hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA and NADPH as well as by KF so that activation did not occur under the conditions of the enzyme assay. The enzyme was activated slowly at 4 degrees C, so that partial activation of the latent form occurred during isolation of the microsomal fraction by differential centrifugation. The reductase present in sonicates of cells with either a high or low proportion of the latent enzyme was inactivated by incubation with ATP and Mg2+. Suppression of reductase activity in L cell cultures by treatment with 25-hydroxycholesterol and an age-related decline in brain enzyme activity did not involve reversible conversion of the reductase to an inactive form.

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