Faculty Research 1990 - 1999

Title

A new MHC locus that influences class I peptide presentation.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

JAX Source

Immunity 1997 Nov;7(5):641-51

Grant

R01DK47692/DK/NIDDK, R01AR38319/AR/NIAMS, R01AI28802/AI/NIAID

Abstract

We have investigated the HLA-B27-restricted CTL response to HY minor histocompatibility antigens in rats and mice transgenic for HLA-B27 and human beta2-microglobulin. A polymorphism was found at a locus within the H2 complex, producing two distinct but overlapping sets of B27-presented HY peptides. The locus, named Cim2, mapped between the K and Pb loci, and its product is therefore distinct from TAP, LMP, and tapasin. Identical findings in rats and mice, including identical HY peptide sequences and the failure of a rat Tap2A transgene to alter CTL recognition, suggest that a homologous locus with similar polymorphism exists in the rat. Cim2, or a closely linked locus, was found to exert a broad effect on peptide loading of both HLA-B27 and mouse class I alleles. The data thus establish a strong, previously unrecognized MHC-encoded influence on the class I antigen pathway.

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