An ENU-induced mutation in the mouse Rnf212 gene is associated with male meiotic failure and infertility.

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Reproduction 2015 Jan; 149(1):67-74.






The ENU-induced repro57 mutation was identified in an unbiased screen for the discovery of novel genes for fertility. Male repro57 homozygous mice are infertile and exhibit significantly reduced testis weight compared with WT mice. Histological examination of mutant testes revealed that spermatocytes degenerated during late prophase, and no mature spermatozoa were found in the seminiferous epithelium, suggesting that infertility is caused by the arrest of spermatogenesis at late meiotic prophase. Consistent with this hypothesis, the number of foci with MLH1, a protein essential for crossing over, is greatly reduced in repro57 mutant spermatocytes, which also lack chiasmata between homologs and exhibit premature dissociation of XY chromosomes. In repro57 mutant mice, we identified a mutation in the Rnf212 gene, encoding Ring finger protein 212. The overall phenotype of repro57 mice is consistent with the recently reported phenotype of the Rnf212 knockout mice; slight differences may be due to genetic background effects. Thus, the repro57 nonsense mutation provides a new allele of the mouse Rnf212 gene. Reproduction 2015 Jan; 149(1):67-74.