Genomic Alterations in the RB Pathway Indicate Prognostic Outcomes of Early-Stage Lung Adenocarcinoma.

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Clin Cancer Res 2015 Jun 1; 21(11):2613-23.





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PURPOSE: To better understand the complete genomic architecture of lung adenocarcinoma.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We used array experiments to determine copy number variations and sequenced the complete exomes of the 247 lung adenocarcinoma tumor samples along with matched normal cells obtained from the same patients. Fully annotated clinical data were also available, providing an unprecedented opportunity to assess the impact of genomic alterations on clinical outcomes.

RESULTS: We discovered that genomic alternations in the RB pathway are associated with significantly shorter disease-free survival in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients. This association was also observed in our independent validation cohort. The current treatment guidelines for early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients recommend follow-up without adjuvant therapy after complete resection, except for high-risk patients. However, our findings raise the interesting possibility that additional clinical interventions might provide medical benefits to early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients with genomic alterations in the RB pathway. When examining the association between genomic mutation and histologic subtype, we uncovered the characteristic genomic signatures of various histologic subtypes. Notably, the solid and the micropapillary subtypes demonstrated great diversity in the mutated genes, while the mucinous subtype exhibited the most unique landscape. This suggests that a more tailored therapeutic approach should be used to treat patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis of the genomic and clinical data for 247 lung adenocarcinomas should help provide a more comprehensive genomic portrait of lung adenocarcinoma, define molecular signatures of lung adenocarcinoma subtypes, and lead to the discovery of useful prognostic markers that could be used in personalized treatments for early-stage lung adenocarcinoma patients. Clin Cancer Res; 21(11); 2613-23. ©2014 AACR. See related commentary by Collisson, p. 2418.

Clin Cancer Res 2015 Jun 1; 21(11):2613-23.